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Author      Title/Abstract      

“The Effect of Degree of Recycle on the Nitrifier Growth Rate”
Author: Jose Jimenez, Henryk Melcer, Denny Parker and John Bratby
Date: 1/111
Water Environment Research, Vol. 83, No. 1, January 2011, pp. 26-35.

The nitrifier maximum specific growth rate, mA,max, is a critical parameter for the design and performance of nitrifying activated sludge systems. Although many investigations studied mA,max, only a few have dealt with the effect of the reactor configuration on this important kinetic parameter. Bench- and full-scale trials were devised to study the effect of the internal mixed-liquor recycle (IMLR) on the nitrifier growth rate constant. The nitrifier growth rate constant for an existing activated sludge plant was determined at different operational conditions using the high food-to-microorganism ratio (F/M) test and by process model calibration. Overall, the results obtained during this study indicate that high IMLR values have a negative effect on mA,max. Based on the results obtained during this investigation, a 15% decrease in mA,max was observed at an IMLR of 4Q or higher. It is surmised that, at high IMLRs, the reactor behavior shifts from a plug-flow configuration to a ‘‘quasi’’ complete-mix configuration, influencing either the species selection in activated sludge population or at least the adaptation of specific species. These results have a tremendous effect on the design of activated sludge processes that incorporate IMLR for denitrification, such as the Bardenpho, Modified Ludzack-Ettinger (MLE), University of Cape Town (UCT), and Phoredox or anaerobic–anoxic–aerobic (A2/O) processes. Water Environ. Res., 83, 26 (2011).

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