Brown and Caldwell Home Page
Technical Papers RECENT PAPERS    ALL PAPERS

Brown and Caldwell engineers and scientists are technical and thought leaders in the environmental sector. Meet the people who have been advancing innovation for more than 70 years.
Author      Title/Abstract      


Review of Two Decades of Experience with TF/SC Process
Author: Denny S. Parker, John R. Bratby, Raymond N. Matasci
Date: 5/101
Reprinted from Journal of Environmental Engineering, May 2001

The trickling filter solids contact (TF/SC) process is now over 20 years old, having been first demonstrated successfully in 1979 at Corvallis, Oreg. Design and operating concepts have evolved significantly since the first generation of plants. The purpose of this paper is to document the changes that have occurred since prior reviews. Data from four large plants (Santa Cruz, Littleton/Englewood, Central Valley, and Annacis Island) are used for illustration. The basis of the original peer reviewed U.S. EPA definition of the TF/SC process is reviewed. Pilot-scale and plant-scale research coupled with advanced analysis tools had allowed the overall horizons of the TF/SC process to be expanded, such that higher loadings have been obtained. For instance, use of modern plastic media has allowed the criterion that the majority of the biochemical oxygen demand be removed on the trickling filter while sustaining high total organic loadings. Owing to the features of the flocculator-clarifier and the superior thickening and compaction qualities of TF/SC solids, high solids loading rates can be obtained. As a result, current advanced designs occupy less footprint, and it is axiomatic that costs have been reduced. Furthermore, there is considerable potential to rerate, optimize, and debottleneck existing TF/SC plants to release low cost capacity.

This library contains published materials for which copyrights may be owned by entities other than Brown and Caldwell, but which are stored for limited uses by BC employees. Technical papers authored by BC employees generally may be printed and shared electronically with clients and prospective clients outside BC. Technical papers cannot be sold, and technical papers shared outside BC must have proper attribution of the original sponsoring organization or conference where the paper was presented. This attribution is embedded in each technical paper file when it is loaded into this library. Published articles from magazines or trade journals which are stored in this library are FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY and SHOULD NOT be distributed to clients or others outside BC, without express permission of the copyright owner. For questions regarding copyrights associated with any document in this library, or questions regarding copyrights in general, contact the Legal Department.