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Author      Title/Abstract      

Finally, Some Hard Data on Water Conservation
Author: William O. Maddaus, Jerome H. Rothenberg

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) sponsored the demonstration projects described in this paper to document the water saving in homes of people who installed water-conserving fixtures and devices. In the past, water engineers and planners had to rely on estimates based mostly upon laboratory tests of low-flow fixtures. These estimates span a range of 300 percent, causing confusion in the water field and a general lack of confidence in water conservation techniques. With the recently completed HUD projects as a basis, water planners can now calculate the benefits of water conservation programs with more confidence that predicted savings will be realized.